Recommendations For Cancer Prevention – Part 1 of 3
Recommendations For Cancer Prevention. Nine of 10 women do not constraint and should not receive genetic testing to see if they are at risk for breast or ovarian cancer, an influential panel of vigorousness experts announced Monday. The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) reaffirmed its previous recommendation from 2005 that only a limited number of women with a family history of tit cancer be tested for mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes that can increase their cancer risk. Even then, these women should discuss the test with both their family doctor and a genetic counselor before proceeding with the BRCA genetic test, the panel said.
And “Not all population who have positive family histories should be tested. It’s not at all simple or straightforward,” said Dr Virginia Moyer, the task force’s chair. Interest amidst women in genetic testing for breast cancer has greatly increased, partially due to Hollywood film star Angelina Jolie’s announcement in May that she underwent a double mastectomy because she carried the BRCA1 mutation. A Harris Interactive/HealthDay sample conducted a few months after Jolie’s announcement found as many as 6 million women in the United States planned to get medical advice about having a preventative mastectomy or ovary removal because of the actress’ personal decision.
On average, mutations of the BRCA genes can increase breast cancer risk between 45 percent to 65 percent, according to the American Cancer Society. The incorrigible is that there are myriad mutations of the BRCA gene. Doctors have identified some mutations that increase breast cancer risk, but there are many more BRCA mutations where the increased risk is either lachrymose or as yet unknown. “The test is not something that comes back positive or negative.
The test comes back a whole lot of different ways, and that has to be interpreted. There are a variety of mutations. Often you get what appears to be a negative prove but we call it an ‘uninformative’ negative because it just doesn’t tell you anything. A woman would walk away from that with no idea, but worried, and that’s not helpful”.
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The Red Flag About The Dangers Of Smoking – Part 3 of 3
So “Exempting any congenial of dangerous and addictive tobacco product proven to cause lung disease, including lung cancer, is unacceptable,” Wimmer said in the news release. “FDA must have basic control over all tobacco products in order to protect public health and the health of our children”. On a positive note, the federal government informed insurance companies that all seven FDA-approved medications and three forms of counseling ready to help smokers quit should be covered.
Last year, the lung association urged government officials to take immediate action to reach three goals: lose weight smoking rates from 18 percent to less than 10 percent by 2024; protect all Americans from secondhand smoke by 2019; and, ultimately, end the death and disease associated with tobacco use. “The American Lung Association is urging states and the federal regulation to take needed steps to achieve these bold goals. It’s no secret how to reduce tobacco use in the United States vigrxusa.trade. Our situation and federal leaders need to muster the political will to implement these proven policies”.
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The Red Flag About The Dangers Of Smoking – Part 2 of 3
On the flip side, 41 states and the District of Columbia spent less than half of what was recommended, the researchers found. Although several states, including Connecticut, Maine and Ohio, inched closer to a complete tobacco cessation benefit for Medicaid enrollees, only two states – Indiana and Massachusetts – currently provide this benefit. “State demolish progress on proven tobacco control policies was virtually nonexistent in 2014. No state passed a comprehensive smoke-free law or significantly increased tobacco taxes, and not a lone state managed to earn an ‘A’ grade for providing access to cessation treatments.
And “No state policy maker should be proud of this report card”. Other points of note in the report: Neither governmental nor federal lawmakers took steps to increase tobacco taxes, which have been shown to curtail smoking among young people. The US Food and Drug Administration still hasn’t finalized its map out to oversee all tobacco products, including e-cigarettes and cigars. The lung association strongly opposes the Obama administration’s proposal to exclude certain cigars from FDA oversight.
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The Red Flag About The Dangers Of Smoking – Part 1 of 3
The Red Flag About The Dangers Of Smoking. Little to no elevation is being made in curtailing tobacco use in the United States, a new report from the American Lung Association contends. The Surgeon General’s 1964 clock in raised the red flag about the dangers of smoking. Tobacco, however, still claims nearly 500000 lives each year and costs up to $333 billion in salubrity care expenses and lost productivity in the United States, says the lung association’s annual report for 2014. “Despite cutting US smoking rates by half in the model 51 years, tobacco’s ongoing burden on America’s health and economy is catastrophic,” said Harold Wimmer, president and CEO of the American Lung Association.
So “Tobacco use remains the prime preventable cause of death and it impacts almost every system in the body, contributing to lung cancer, heart attacks, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and even sudden infant expiry syndrome,” he said in an association news release. Researchers who evaluated tobacco control policies in the United States said most states earned poor grades. Only two states – Alaska and North Dakota – are funding their position tobacco prevention programs at the revised levels recommended by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, according to the State of Tobacco Control narrative released Jan 21, 2015.
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Smokers Often Die From Lung Cancer – Part 3 of 3
So “It could be that heavy smokers die of lots of other things before the cancer can kill them”. Patz and Dr Otis Brawley, the American Cancer Society’s first medical officer, said the results highlight the need for future research to uncover genetic markers that will allow doctors to better sort aggressive cancers from cancers that might not exigency to be treated.
Brawley added, however, that the presence of over-diagnosis does not change the fact that CT screening can save thousands of lives a year. Calling the original trial “one of the greatest screening studies ever done,” Brawley said the clinical hard times had successfully detected two types of lung cancers – the 80 percent that could not be cured and the 20 percent that could be successfully treated.
So “Now we’re realizing there’s a third amicable of cancer – the kind that doesn’t need to be cured but can be cured. We cure some people who don’t need to be cured, but the study manifestly shows by treating everyone we cure people who need to be cured” austria. More information For more information on lung cancer screening, visit the American Lung Association.
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Smokers Often Die From Lung Cancer – Part 2 of 3
In other words, they had to have smoked an average of one pack of cigarettes a day for 30 years. Based on the study findings, the American Lung Association, the American Cancer Society, the American College of Radiology and other medical associations recommended fine screenings for that specific segment of the smoking population. The federal regulation also has issued a draft rule that, if accepted, would make the lung CT scans a recommended preventive health measure that insurance companies must cover fully, with no co-pay or deductible.
The most recent projections from that same data, however, found that more than 18 percent of the cancers detected by the scans would be unlikely to do harm to the patient, said study co-author Dr Edward Patz Jr, a professor of radiology at Duke University Medical Center. The findings were published online Dec 9, 2013 in the tabloid JAMA Internal Medicine. Patz characterized his findings as “one production of information they were waiting for just to understand the risks and limitations of the trial and of recommending mass screening.
When we tell patients we’re going to do a test, you need to understand the risks and benefits. This is just constituent of the equation”. Edelman said some of the over-diagnosis can be attributed to slow-growing tumors. In other cases, however, smokers will not die of cancer because they will succumb first to emphysema, heart disease or the myriad of other chief health problems caused by smoking.
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Smokers Often Die From Lung Cancer – Part 1 of 3
Smokers Often Die From Lung Cancer. Smokers who have a CT investigate to check for lung cancer stand a nearly one-in-five chance that doctors will find and potentially treat a tumor that would not have caused illness or death, researchers report. Despite the finding, major medical groups indicated they are likely to stick by current recommendations that a select segment of long-time smokers subject oneself to regular CT scans. “It doesn’t invalidate the initial study, which showed you can decrease lung cancer mortality by 20 percent,” said Dr Norman Edelman, superior medical adviser for the American Lung Association.
And “It adds an interesting caution that clinicians ought to think about – that they will be taking some cancers out that wouldn’t go on to kill that patient”. Over-diagnosis has become a controversial concept in cancer research, amazingly in the fields of prostate and breast cancer. Some researchers argue that many people receive painful and life-altering treatments for cancers that never would have harmed or killed them.
The new analyse used data gathered during the National Lung Screening Trial, a major seven-year study to determine whether lung CT scans could help prevent cancer deaths. The experimental found that 20 percent of lung cancer deaths could be prevented if doctors perform CT screening on people aged 55 to 79 who are current smokers or quit less than 15 years ago. To moderate for screening, the participants must have a smoking history of 30 pack-years or greater.
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